It depends on the state
The 50 states and the District of Columbia impose different rates of taxes on different sources of income. Some states have agreements with other states, usually neighboring ones, under which they agree not to tax some income from those states.
Before moving to a new state, or purchasing property or accepting a job in another state, it pays to have some idea of the taxes you can expect to pay. To start, you’ll want to review income tax rates in your new state or the state in which you’ll work. Many state departments of revenue provide this information online.
Along with tax rates, you’ll want to know how income taxes are applied. This is particularly important if you work, even part-time, in a state other than your state of residence. Some states apply what’s often referred to as the “first day rule.” You may owe income tax on money earned in the state from the moment you set foot within its borders.
You’ll want to check for reciprocity agreements, which allow nonresidents to avoid some state income tax in the state in which they work. Instead, they typically remit taxes to their home state, even for earnings from other states.
If you begin working in another state, remember to give the tax regulations of your home state another review. You may be eligible for a tax credit in your state based on taxes paid to another state.
The state you’re in
If you’re moving across state borders, you’ll want to check estate tax regulations in your new home. According to the Tax Foundation, 14 states and Washington, D.C., impose estate taxes, while six have an inheritance tax. Maryland and New Jersey have both.
Both estate tax rates and exemptions can vary widely from each other — and from the federal estate tax. Whereas the federal estate tax exempts estates of less than $5.49 million in 2017, the states that impose estate tax have different thresholds, and those amounts vary widely.
Are you planning to purchase property in another state? Property taxes also can vary significantly, as states use different rates and ways of calculating the tax. What’s more, some states have programs to help lower-income or older residents.
Understanding the tax impact
The list of potential state taxes extends to other sources of income, such as Social Security benefits and investment income. Your accounting professional can help you determine how your tax obligations are likely to be affected by moving to, or purchasing property or working in, another state.
This material is generic in nature. Before relying on the material in any important matter, users should note date of publication and carefully evaluate its accuracy, currency, completeness, and relevance for their purposes, and should obtain any appropriate professional advice relevant to their particular circumstances.